As President Obama starts his second term, host Michel Martin takes a look at his foreign policy agenda. She speaks with NPR's Juan Forero about upcoming opportunities and challenges in Latin America — from drug trafficking, to changes in leadership, to the evolution of the U.S. relationship with Cuba.
While the U.S. Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision of Jan. 22, 1973, is usually considered the start of the abortion debate, the move to relax state abortion laws began with medical and law professionals in the 1960s. Here, Eunice Kennedy Shriver and doctors from Johns Hopkins University and the Harvard Divinity School announce the International Conference on Abortion on Aug. 9, 1967.
Dubbed "the father of the abortion-rights movement" by the media, Bill Baird was instrumental in raising awareness in the late 1960s of the substandard medical conditions common for women obtaining illegal abortions at the time. He's seen here, at an undated news conference in Boston, with women he helped get abortions who are hooded to prevent identification and arrest.
On Jan. 22, 1973, the day of the court's decision, an estimated 5,000 women and men formed a "ring of life" around the Minnesota Capitol building and marched in protest of the ruling that "abortion is completely a private matter to be decided by mother and doctor in the first three months of pregnancy."
As soon as the Supreme Court's decision was announced, politicians at the state and federal levels moved to introduce a constitutional amendment and other legislative efforts to circumvent the ruling. Here, plastic models of human fetuses are displayed in the foreground while Wisconsin state Rep. Lloyd Barbee testifies on abortion bills at the Capitol in Madison, April 24, 1973.
Credit Wally Fong / AP
As time progressed, it became common to see anti-abortion protesters in front of abortion clinics, such as this scene in Torrance, Calif., on Aug. 27, 1985. Dr. Lynn Negus, of the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, holds abortion-rights signs in counter to Debbie Thyfault and her children, who were part of an anti-abortion group.
Credit Stephan Savoia / AP
Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton marches with abortion-rights supporters past the White House, April 6, 1992. Although many positions vary at the state, local and even lower federal levels, Democrats at the national level have made abortion rights part of their party platform since 1976; Republicans began calling for Roe's overturn in their platform that same year.
Credit Tim Sloan / AFP/Getty Images
Each January, anti-abortion protesters mark the anniversary of the Roe v. Wade ruling with the March for Life in Washington, D.C. Attendance often reaches into the thousands, such as during the 25th anniversary march pictured here. The 40th March for Life on Jan. 25, 2013, will be the first without its founder, Nellie Gray, who died in August 2012.
Credit Cameron Craig / AP
Norma McCorvey, the "Jane Roe" of the 1973 decision, embraces the Rev. Robert L. Schenck of the National Clergy Council before she addresses a memorial service at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 21, 1996. A year earlier McCorvey shocked abortion-rights advocates by becoming a spokeswoman for the other side of the debate, stating she no longer supported abortion rights.
Credit Charlie Riedel / AP
While protesters on both sides of the debate have by and large acted in peace, the National Abortion Federation documents eight murders of abortion providers in the U.S. and Canada since 1977. The most recent was the May 31, 2009, shooting of Dr. George Tiller while he attended church services in Wichita, Kan.
Credit Peter Keegan / Getty Images
The Catholic Church put a priority on keeping abortions illegal, helping support the formation of the original National Right to Life Committee in 1969. But as this abortion-rights campaigner noted in 1973, a majority of Catholics at the time believed the abortion decision should be left to a woman and her doctor.
First lady Michelle Obama arrives at the Senate carriage entrance for the presidential inauguration ceremonies at the U.S Capitol.
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Malia Obama (left) is wearing a J.Crew coat; her sister, Sasha, wears a coat from American designer Kate Spade.
Credit Kevin Lamarque / Reuters /Landov
The first lady and her daughters arrive for the swearing-in of President Obama at the Capitol.
Credit Charles Dharapak / AP
Obama and Michelle walk in the inauguration parade near the White House. The first lady chose a coat by designer Thom Browne.
Credit Doug Mills/Pool / AP
On Sunday, during the official swearing-in ceremony at the White House, the first lady wore a dress and cardigan by Reed Krakoff. Women's Wear Daily reports she wore the same cardigan on Monday.
Credit Mark Wilson / Getty Images
Sasha and Malia Obama clap from the reviewing stand in the nation's capital as they watch the presidential inaugural parade.
Credit Evan Vucci / AP
President Obama greets first lady Michelle Obama on stage during the Commander-In-Chief inaugural ball. Michelle's dress was designed by Jason Wu.
Credit Bill Clark / UPI/Landov
Vice President Biden, President Obama and Mrs. Obama pause to pay their respects at the Martin Luther King Jr. statue in the Capitol rotunda as they leave the inaugural luncheon. The first lady wore a cardigan she wore just the day before.
Originally published on Tue January 22, 2013 1:24 pm
Update at 9:05 p.m. ET Michelle Obama's Dress
NBC News is reporting that the first lady is wearing a custom Jason Wu ruby-colored chiffon and velvet gown, Jimmy Choo shoes and a ring by Kimberly McDonald to the Commander in Chief Ball. The White House said that the outfit and accompanying accessories will go to the National Archives at the end of the inaugural events.
President Obama dined with lawmakers at the Capitol in the traditional inaugural luncheon on Monday. Within hours, Obama and congressional Republicans will be back at it over the debt ceiling, spending cuts and a possible government shutdown.
For many inauguration attendees without tickets to official viewing areas, there was a historic alternative all the way on the other side of the National Mall at the Lincoln Memorial. Lincoln is often invoked by President Obama and the memorial's role in the civil rights movement also made it a powerful draw on a day that was not only Inauguration Day, but also Martin Luther King, Jr., Day.
Robert Siegel talks to several prominent African-Americans for their thoughts on what it has meant to have the first black president. We hear from Roger Wilkins, a civil rights activist, history professor, and journalist; Washington, D.C., Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton; writer Shelby Steele of the Hoover Institution of Stanford University; and civil rights lawyer Sherrilyn Ifill, the new head of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund.