National

Back At Base
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

International Guard: How The Vietnam War Changed Guard Service

The National Guard Bureau commissioned this painting, "Indiana Rangers: The Army Guard in Vietnam," as part of its series of paintings depicting significant moments in Guard history. It represents members of the Company D, 151st Infantry division — one of a few Guard units deployed to Vietnam — on duty in the jungle
Mort Kunstler National Guard Bureau

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

The Vietnam War changed the National Guard.

During that conflict, joining the guard was seen as a way to avoid the draft; during America's recent wars, the guard and reserve made up nearly half the forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

You can trace the transformation of the guard back to the few units from it that did go and fight in Vietnam. And ahead of the 40th anniversary of the end of that conflict, several former guard members — who are also Vietnam vets — met up at the Veterans Of Foreign Wars Post in Carmel, Ind., just north of Indianapolis.

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Joe's Big Idea
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Hubble's Other Telescope And The Day It Rocked Our World

The Hooker 100-inch reflecting telescope at the Mount Wilson Observatory, just outside Los Angeles. Edwin Hubble's chair, on an elevating platform, is visible at left. A view from this scope first told Hubble our galaxy isn't the only one.
Courtesy of The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science Collection at the Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

The Hubble Space Telescope this week celebrates 25 years in Earth's orbit. In that time the telescope has studied distant galaxies, star nurseries, planets in our solar system and planets orbiting other stars.

But, even with all that, you could argue that the astronomer for whom the telescope is named made even more important discoveries — with far less sophisticated equipment.

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Race
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

To West Baltimoreans, 'The Largest Gang Is The ... Police'

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

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Around the Nation
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Pulitzer-Winning Reporter Finds A Better Life In PR

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

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Politics
7:43 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Surgeon General Vivek Murthy On Gun Control, Vaccines And Science

Originally published on Sat April 25, 2015 12:36 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

A new U.S. government official took an oath of office this week.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "SESAME STREET")

RYAN DILLON: (As Elmo) Hi, Dr. Surgeon General Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, MD, MBA.

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It's All Politics
5:03 am
Sat April 25, 2015

Pop-Up Podcast: Same-Sex Marriage And The Supreme Court

A same-sex marriage supporter waves a rainbow flag in front of theSupreme Court in 2013.
Saul Loeb AFP/Getty Images

Welcome to a special pop-up podcast from NPR's Washington Desk. As the Supreme Court prepares to hear arguments Tuesday on whether same-sex marriage bans are constitutional, our correspondents give their take on the legal questions before the court and seismic shift in the culture and politics on this issue.

Gay marriage is now legal in 36 states. And by the end of this Supreme Court term in June, same-sex couples will either be able to wed in all 50 states, or gay marriage bans may be restored in many states where they've been struck down.

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The Two-Way
9:36 pm
Fri April 24, 2015

Jenner: 'For All Intents And Purposes, I Am A Woman'

From left, Bruce Jenner, Kanye West and Kim Kardashian attend FOX's "The X Factor" Season 2 Top 10 Live Performance Show on Nov. 21, 2012 in Hollywood, California.
Frank Micelotta AP

Originally published on Fri April 24, 2015 11:49 pm

Bruce Jenner, a former world-renowned track and field athlete better known in recent years from the reality TV shows of his step-daughters, the Kardashian sisters, described a lifelong struggle with gender identity in an interview with ABC's Diane Sawyer on Friday night.

"For all intents and purposes, I am a woman," Jenner said. "I was not genetically born that way ... as of now I have all the male parts. As of now we're different, but we still identify as female."

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The Salt
7:01 pm
Fri April 24, 2015

These Animals Might Go Extinct Because No One Wants To Eat Them

Choctaw boar
The Livestock Conservancy

The Steller's sea cow, the passenger pigeon and the New Zealand moa all went extinct because people developed a taste for their meat.

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U.S.
6:05 pm
Fri April 24, 2015

What's That Smell? The Beautiful Tree That's Causing Quite A Stink

Callery pear trees in Pittsburgh. The smell of the invasive trees has been compared to rotting fish and other stinky things.
Luke H. Gordon Flickr

Originally published on Fri April 24, 2015 10:33 pm

It's springtime in Pittsburgh, and throughout the city, Callery pear trees are sprouting beautiful, white blossoms.

But that's just the problem. Simply put, these trees stink.

"This whole place smells like dead fish," says Sheila Titus. "I mean everywhere. Everywhere you see one of these trees with the white on them."

Titus has lived in her home in the now-hip neighborhood of Lawrenceville for 49 years. Two decades ago, her grandson and his 7th grade class planted a row of Callery pears across the street from her house.

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U.S.
4:44 pm
Fri April 24, 2015

LGBT Activists Push States To Expand Anti-Discrimination Laws

Originally published on Fri April 24, 2015 8:27 pm

Same-sex marriage is legal in most states but so is discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the areas of employment, housing and public accommodation.

Gay-rights activists say this creates a contradiction because in many states someone can legally marry a person of the same gender and then get fired for being gay. They are lobbying state legislatures to add LGBT people to anti-discrimination laws that already include things like race, age, religion and disability.

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