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1:32 am
Sun November 11, 2012

Petraeus' Fall As Stunning As The Career Before It

Originally published on Sun November 11, 2012 6:25 pm

The resignation of CIA Director David Petraeus, the retired four-star general who stepped down late Friday citing an extramarital affair, brings to an end one of the most storied careers in modern U.S. military history.

Petraeus left the Army in August 2011 after nearly four decades in uniform. Before his retirement ceremony had even begun, he walked up on the empty stage, went over to the podium and tapped on the microphone. The general was doing his own mic check.

This is a man who leaves nothing to chance — which makes the nature of his professional fall from grace as stunning as the career that preceded it.

A New Strategy

"When it comes to the art of the possible, there's Gen. Dave Petraeus, and then there's everybody else," former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Mike Mullen said at the retirement ceremony.

Petraeus was on a fast track from an early age. A West Point graduate, he nurtured relationships with key military leaders who became his mentors.

He got a doctoral degree from Princeton, and he made a national name for himself by helping the Army rethink how it fights wars like the ones in Afghanistan and Iraq.

His counterinsurgency strategy — COIN, as it's known in military lingo — was all about winning hearts and minds, getting buy-in from local populations so they would turn on the insurgents themselves.

'He Found A Way To Work'

In the summer of 2007, Petraeus walked through a Baghdad neighborhood that had seen a lot of violence. Dozens of U.S. Special Forces walked in front of him to seal the perimeter. Snipers perched on the rooftops, looking for threats.

Reporters donned full body armor, despite the 100-degree temperatures. Petraeus had no helmet, no flak jacket. He stopped along the street and talked casually with Iraqi shopkeepers.

A lot of this was for the benefit of the reporters. Petraeus wanted to make the statement that things were getting better. He knew he had to change perceptions about the war, and that meant talking to the media, which didn't always endear him to his fellow soldiers.

"The Army has never really liked Petraeus very much. They don't see him as being at the core of their culture," says Tom Ricks, a longtime national security journalist who has written extensively about Petraeus.

"Here is this sort of intellectual guy — Ph.D. from Princeton — who doesn't seem to mind the culture of Washington, reporters and politicians," Ricks said in an interview with NPR last year. "And at a time when they were saying nothing is working, he found a way to work in Iraq."

Transition To CIA

Petraeus went on to head the military's Central Command. Then in June 2010, President Obama asked him to return to the front lines as commander of U.S. and NATO operations in Afghanistan. About a year later, Petraeus was tapped to join Obama's Cabinet as the director of the CIA.

During his confirmation hearing, Petraeus took heat from senators concerned that the general would not be able to look critically at the war in Afghanistan from the director's chair.

"Clearly, I have views on the efforts in which I've been engaged. I've shared them, in the past with the agency's analysts, and I'll do so in the future," he said. "However, if confirmed, when I am in the Situation Room with the president, I will strive to present the agency position."

By most counts, he did just that, making a relatively seamless transition from military commander to the leader of the country's top intelligence agency. But after less than 15 months in the job, Petraeus is now out.

An Unexpected Fight

At his military retirement ceremony back in 2011, Petraeus thanked the supporters who referred to themselves as "COINdinistas," after his COIN strategy.

"Now, please rest assured, I am not out to give one last boost to the counterinsurgency field manual or to try recruit all you for COINdinista Nation," he said. "I do believe, however, that we have relearned since 9/11 the timeless lesson that we don't always get to fight the wars for which we're most prepared or most inclined."

In other words, the unexpected can change a war. It can also change a career.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin.

The Director of the CIA, retired four-star General David Petraeus resigned late Friday, citing an extramarital affair. The revelation brings to an end one of the most storied careers in the modern U.S. military.

I've reported on David Petraeus for the past five years. And I was at his retirement ceremony last year when he stepped down from the Army after almost four decades in uniform.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "GO ROLLING ALONG")

MARTIN: There was a marching band, a gun salute.

(SOUNDBITE OF CANNON REPORT)

MARTIN: But before the ceremony had even begun, General Petraeus walked up on the empty stage, went over to the podium and he tapped on the microphone. The four-star general was doing his own mic check. This is a man who leaves nothing to chance, which makes the nature of his professional fall from grace as stunning as the career that preceded it.

Here's what the former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen said at that retirement ceremony.

ADMIRAL MIKE MULLENS: When it comes to the art of the possible, there's General Dave Petraeus and then there's everybody else.

MARTIN: Petraeus was on a fast track from an early age. A West Point graduate, he nurtured relationships with key military leaders who became his mentors. He got a Ph.D. from Princeton. And he made a national name for himself by helping the Army re-think how it fights wars like the ones in Afghanistan and Iraq.

His counterinsurgency strategy, or COIN as it's known in military lingo, was all about winning hearts and minds. Getting buy-in from local populations so they would turn on the insurgents themselves.

I remember the summer of 2007, walking with General Petraeus in a Baghdad neighborhood that had seen a lot of violence. Dozens of U.S. Special Forces walked in front of us to seal the perimeter. Snipers perched on the rooftops looking for threats. I was in full body armor despite the 100-degree temperatures. But General Petraeus had no helmet, no flak jacket. He stopped along the street and talked casually with Iraqi shopkeepers.

DAVID PETRAEUS: So tell me the chai here is good?

(SOUNDBITE OF CONVERSATION)

MARTIN: Now, a lot of this was for the benefit of the reporters because Petraeus wanted us to believe things were getting better. He knew he had to change perceptions about the war and that meant talking to the media, which didn't always endear him to his fellow soldiers.

TOM RICKS: The Army has never really liked Petraeus very much. They don't see him as being at the core of their culture.

MARTIN: That's Tom Ricks, a longtime national security journalist who has written extensively about David Petraeus. I spoke with him about general last year.

RICKS: Here is this sort of intellectual guy, Ph.D. from Princeton, who doesn't seem to mind the culture of Washington - reporters and politicians. And at a time when they were saying nothing is working, he found a way to work in Iraq.

MARTIN: Petraeus went on to head up the military's Central Command. Then in June of 2010, President Obama asked him to return to the front lines as commander of U.S. and NATO operations in Afghanistan. After that, Petraeus was tapped to join Obama's cabinet as the director of the CIA. During his confirmation hearing, Petraeus took a lot of questions from senators who were concerned that the general would not be able to look critically at the war in Afghanistan from the CIA director's chair.

PETRAEUS: Clearly I have views on the efforts in which I've been engaged. I've shared them, in the past with the agency's analysts and I'll do so in the future. However, if confirmed, when I am in the Situation Room with the president, I will strive to present the agency position.

MARTIN: And by most counts, he did just that. Making a relatively seamless transition from military commander to the leader of the country's top intelligence agency. But after less than 15 months in the job, Petraeus is now out.

(SOUNDBITE OF A NEWS CLIPS)

BRET BAIER: CIA Director General David Petraeus is out tonight...

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

CIA Director David Petraeus resigned, saying he engaged in an extra-marital affair...

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: General David Petraeus has resigned as director of the CIA...

MARTIN: At his military retirement ceremony, Petraeus thanked the supporters who referred to themselves as Coindinistas - after his COIN strategy.

PETRAEUS: Now please rest assured that I'm not out to give one last boost to the counterinsurgency field manual or to try recruit all you for COINdinista Nation. I do believe, however, that we have re-learned since 9/11 the timeless lesson that we don't always get to fight the wars for which we're most prepared or most inclined.

MARTIN: In other words, the unexpected can change a war. It can also change a career.

David Petraeus' resignation is effective immediately.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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